Official name: Republic of Cape Verde
Surface area: 4,033 square km
Capital city: Praia
Main cities: Praia, Mindelo, Assomada
Official langage (s): Portuguese
Current language (s): Portuguese, Creole
Currency: Cape Verdean Escudo (€1 = 108.86 Escudos)
Independence Day: 5 July (independence proclaimed in 1975)
Population: 538,535 inhabitants in 2014 (CIA Factbook)
Population growth: 1.4 % in 2014 (CIA Factbook)
The Cape Verdean archipelago is composed of ten islands (Santo Antão, São Vicente, Santa Luzia, São Nicolau, Sal and Boavista, Maio, Santiago, Fogo and Brava) nine of which are inhabited. The islands and islets forming the Republic of Cape Verde are located off the northern coasts of Senegal, between 570 and 880 km depending on the islands.
Cape Verde is located between 13°23’ and 17°12’ North latitude and between 22°40’ and 25°22’ West longitude. It is characterized by a dry but pleasant weather thanks to the tropical easterlies, with temperatures standing around 24°C, and a low thermal variations.
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