Senegal

Official name: Republic of Senegal
Regime: Republic

Geographical data
Surface area: 196,722 square km
Capital city: Dakar
Main cities: Thies, Kaolack, Ziguinchor, Saint-Louis, Touba
Official langage (s): French
Current language (s): Wolof, Diola, Malinke, Pulaar, Sereer, Soninke
Currency: CFA franc
Independence Day: 4 April

Démographic data
Population: 13.6 million inhabitants (IMF, 2013)
Density: 3.51 inhabitants/square km (CIA Factbook)
Population growth: 2.5 % in 2014 (CIA Facatbook) 


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Senegal is bordered in the North by Mauritania, in the East by Mali, in the South by Guinea and Guinea Bissau, in the West by the Atlantic Ocean over a 500 km frontage. The capital city Dakar (550 square km) is a peninsula located at the westernmost part of the continent.

Flat country with sandy soils not exceeding 130 m of altitude, excep for the South-East border with Guinea, Senegal is crossed by three rivers streaming from the East to the West: Senegal River (1,700 km) in the North, the Gambia River (750 km) and the Casamance River (300 km) in the South. The dry tropical weather is marked by two seasons: one dry season from November to June, and one rainy season from July to October. Three types of vegetation have been noted in the country: forest in the South, savanna in the Centre and steppe in the North.

Following the example of many neighbouring countries, Senegal took the unilateral decision in 1976 to extend its jurisdiction on the waters up to 200 miles from its coasts. With the ratification of the Convention on the Law of the Sea by the Law n° 84-67 of 16 August 1984, Senegal effectively extended its EEZ to 200 miles.

The country boasts 718 km of coasts and its continental plateau stretches over 800 square km. It is divided in forteen (14) regions, the main administrative centres of which are the big cities of Dakar, Diourbel, Fatick, Kaffrine, Kedougou, Kaolack, Kolda, Louga, Matam, Saint Louis, Sedhiou, Tambacounda, Thies, and Ziguinchor.

THE MPA (Marine Protected Areas)


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