Accueil Abene MPA
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Abene MPA

General characteristics
The Marine Protected Area of Abene is located in the region of Ziguinchor, halfways between the rural communities of Kafountine and Kataba 1, on a littoral frontage about 20 km long. It stretches over 119 km and encompasses two differet territories: a marine part and a land part that covers the littoral mangrove and small estuaries. It is bordered in the North by the Republic of the Gambia, in the South by the Kafountine fishing berth, in the East by the villages of the two rural communities (Niafrang, Kabadio, Abene, Diannah and Kafountine), and in the West by the Atlantic Ocean.

Objectives of the MPA creation
Protecting the coastal and mangrove ecosystems and the heritage species depending on this environment; protecting the fragile species and vulnerable habitats; contributing to the sustainable management of fishery resources; stepping up the socioeconomic spin-offs to the benefit of the local populations.

Representative habitats and ecosystems
The MPA’s marine space is composed of a set of rocky habitats (Herr Mactar Gueye, Herr Lamine Diatta, Herr Mam) formerly considered as fishing zones owing to the high concentration of fish species. The land space is composed of a network of mangroves around the Niafrang marsh creek, with its entire ecosystemic complexity. On the beach of the MPA are egg-laying sites for the green sea turtle.

Main species
The Abene MPA is home for several species, notably sea turtles, dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), manatees (Trichechus senegalensis), several fish species such as the Etmalosa fimbriata, the round sardinella (Sardinella aurita), the grouper (Epinephelus aenus), the trumpet fish (Fistullaria spp), the mullet (Mugil spp), and the mottled grouper (Muctèroperca rubra) etc. Some bird species also flock to the area, such as the common francolin (Francolinus albobicalcaratus), the ring-necked dove (Oena capensis), the black crowned crane (Balearica pavonia), the abyssinian ground hornbill (Bucorvus abyssinicus), the cattle egret
(Bubulcus abis), the caspian tern (Hydroprogne caspia), the fish eagle (Haliaeetus vocifer), the pied kingfisher (Ceryle rudis), the grey-headed gull, the African darter (Anhinga rufa), as well as Palearctic migratory birds like the marsh sandpiper (Tringa stagnatilis), the common redshank (Tringa totanus), the little stint (Calidris minuta), etc.

Cultural and economic values
There are numerous and varied cultural sites, but the objectives are the same: meeting the interests of the populations. This is case of “Banton Woro” in Abene where some prayer ceremonies are staged regularly, but also the sacred wood of “Thiemaw” that is composed of two bombaxes, the first of which is reserved for women that have just given birth and the second one for women seeking to avoid close childbirths. There is also a Fetish in Abene named “Baliba” and which is reportedly received from Aline Sitoe Diatta and installed by one of her relatives in the Abene village: people come there to express their wishes, hoping that the Fetish will ask God to grant their prayers. The sacred pond of “Bitini” is located at the centre of the Farakeneba rice fields. It’s about some sort of rainwater outfall. In the past, the water was present all year long and was a watering source for wild or domestic animals. That pond provide home of birds, monkeys and crocodiles.

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